The Master Key o-

#Anthropology of Graphic Design;
#Typography & Bibliography#Visual Representation & Knowledge Construction; #Academia & Publishing
#Sensory/Visual/Material Anthropology
#Design Ethnography; #Ethnography & Method; #STS, Anthropology & Design Studies
#Anthropology of Tourism

I once asked Elizabeth Edwards (best known for her 1992 Photography & Anthropology) why there was such a seeming dearth of visual anthropology focused on design decisions in the presentation of knowledge…in other words.. not just the image, but how the image is placed, accompanied by what text in what type, treatment of graphics, tables etc.. the complete experience of all the cultural decisions that go into the details of knowledge creation and representational practice.

She commiserated and referred me to her bibliography from her “2007 Gardens of war: Materiality & the photographic narrative” for some bibliography mining. To pass on the practice and hopefully save someone some time, I have compiled a starer kit bibliography from my own research and some of the basics in sensory and visual anthropology, design ethnography, writings on typography & graphic design..etc.. so we can get to the nuances of the field instead of wasting time digging up what has been.

ANTHROPOLOGY of GRAPHIC DESIGN

Bakewell, Liza
1998 Image Acts. American Anthropologist. New Series Vol. 100: 1. Pp. 22-32

Barthes, R.
1977 Rhetoric of the image. In: Heath ed. Image, music, text. London. Fontana Press. pp. 32-52.

Bateson, Gregory
1972 Bateson, Gregory. “Form, Substance and Difference.” In Steps to An Ecology of Mind, 448-66. New York: Chandler Publishing Co., 1972.

Bringhurst, Robert
2005 Historical Synopsis & The Grand Design in The Elements of Typographic Style Version 3. Pp. 12-25. Hartely & Marks Publishers.

Brumberger, Eva R.
2003 The Rhetoric of Typography: The Persona of Typeface & Text. Technical Communication Vol. 50: 2.

Caslon, William
1924 Caslon Old Face Roman & Italic: Cast Entirely From Matricies Produced From the Original Punches Engraved in the Early Part of the Eighteenth Century in Chiswell Street London. H.W. Caslon & Co. LTD: London.

Clifford, James
2012 Feeling Historical. Cultural Anthropology. pp. 417–426. Vol. 27: 3.

Craig, Robert
1990 Ideological Aspects of Publication Design.  pp. 18-27. Design Issues Vol. 6: No. 2.

Craig, Robert L
2006 Form and Meaning: Non-Objectivity & Communication. Pp. 1-12.

Craig, Robert L
2008. Through Printer’s Eyes: From the Arts & Crafts Movement to Modernism. Visual Communication Quarterly 15:1 pp. 31-45.

Crutchley, Brooke
1985 Logic, Lucidity, & Mr. Morison. Matrix 5. In Type & Typography: Highlights from Matrix, the review for printers and bibliophiles (2003). Mark Batty Publisher LLC: West New York, New Jersey.

Danet, Brenda.
1997 Books, Letters, Documents: The Changing Aesthetics of Texts in Late Print Culture. Journal of Material Culture (2):5.

Drucker, J. & McVarish, E
2009 Graphic design history: A critical guide. Upper Saddle River: Pearson Education Prentice Hall.

Edwards, E.,
2007 Gardens of war: Materiality & the photographic narrative. In: Barabash & Taylor eds. The Cinema of Robert Gardner. Oxford: Berg. pp.175-201.

Edwards, E. & Hart
2005. Mixed Box: the Cultural biography of a box of ‘ethnographic’ photographs. In:  Edwards and Hart eds. Photographs Object Histories. London: Routledge. pp. 48-64.

Evans, Poppy
2006 Exploring Publication Design. Essential Principles and Techniques for Designing Magazines, Brochures, & Other Print Publications. Thomson Delmar Learning.NY.

Fabian, Johannes
2002 [1983] Times & the Other: How Anthropology Makes Its Object. Colombia Univesrity Press: New York.

Ford, Forlizzi, Ishizaki
1997 Kinetic Typography: Issues in time based presentation of text. Late Breaking / Short Demonstrations pp269-270.

Frede, Michael
1990 An Empiricist View of Knowledge In Epistemology: Companions to Ancient Thought 1. (Ed. Stephen Verson) pp 225-254. Cambridge University Press.

Gee, James Paul
1986 Orality and Literacy: From The Savage Mind to Ways With Words. Pp. 719-743 TESOL Quarterly Review Article.

Gill, Eric
1931 An Essay on Typography. London: Sheed & Ward.

Goodwin, Charles
1994 Professional Vision. pp. 606-633.American Anthropologist New Series Vol 96: No. 3

Harper, Richard P
1998 What is a Document? & Designing Ethnography In Inside the IMF: An ethnography of documents, technology, and organizational action. Pp. 1-88. Academic Press: California.

Heller, S; Lasky, J
1993 Ch. 2 Original Sin: The Roots of Typography In Borrowed Design: Use & Abuse of Historical Form. Pp. 9-31. Van Nostrand Reinhold: New York; London.

Heller, Steven
1988 Graphic Style: from Victorian to Post-Modern. Thames & Hudson: London.

Howes, D.,
2005 Empire of the Senses: The sensual culture reader.  Oxford: Berg Publishers.

Houtman, Gustaaf; Zeitlyn, David
1996 Information Technology & Anthropology. Editorial. Anthropology Today. Vol. 12: 3. pp. 1-3.

Ingold, T.
2000 Stop, look, listen! Vision, hearing and human movement In: The perception of the environment: essays in livelihood, dwelling, and skill. Oxford: Routledge.

Janssen, Frans A; Simoni, Anna E. C.
1991 Author and Printer in the History of Typographical Design. Quaerendo. Vol 21: 1. Pp. 11-37.

Jones, Herbert
1950 2nd Edition. [1938 1st Published] Type in Action: A Manual of Elementary Typographic Lay-Out.  Sidgwick & Jackson Limited: London.

Keane, Web
2005 Signs Are Not the Garb of Meaning: On the Social Analysis of Material Things In  Materiality (ed) Miler, Daniel. Duke University press: Durham NC. Pp. 182-201.

Keedy, J.
2005 Style is not a four letter word. In: Bierut, Drentel, Heller eds. Looking Closer 5: Critical Writings on Graphic Design. New York: Allworth Press.

Kinross, Robin
1985 “The Rhetoric of Neutrality.” Design Issues 2:2 (1985): 18-30.

Knoblauch, Hubert
2008 The Performance of Knowledge: Pointing & Knowledge in PowerPoint Presentations. Cultural Sociology 2(1). Pp. 75-97.

Leeuwenn, Theo Van & Kress, Gunther
1996 Introduction In Reading Images: The Grammar of Visual Design. Taylor & Francis Group. Pp. 1-14.

Lupton, Ellen
2006 The Birth of the User. In Looking Closer 5: Graphic Design as System (Ed. Michael Bierut, William Drenttel, Steven Heller). Pp. 23-25. Allworth Press: New York.

MacDougall, D.
1997 The visual in Anthropology In: Banks & Howard Morphy eds. Rethinking visual anthropology. Yale University Press.

MacDougall, David
2006 The Corporeal Image: film, ethnography, and the senses. Ch 1: Introduction: Meaning and Being. Princeton, N.J. ; Oxford : Princeton University Press. Pp 1-9.

Marcus, G.
2012. The Legacies of writing culture and the near future of ethnographic form: A sketch. Cultural Anthropology 27 (3). pp. 428-441.

McLuhan, M.
1962 The Gutenberg galaxy: The making of typographic man. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

McLuhan, M.
1964 Understanding media: The extension of man. New York: McGraw-Hill.

McLean, Ruari
1980 CH. 3 Legibility In The Thames & Hudson Manual of Typography. . Pp. 42-50. Taylor, W.S. (Editor). Thames & Hudson: London

McWade, John
2003 Before & After Page Design. Design Principles Made visible, from Before & After, the premier design a magazine. Peachpit Press: JMS Publishing.

Mitchel, Michael & Wightman, Susan
2005 Book Typography: A Designer’s Manual. Libanus Press: Marlbrough.

Morison, Stanley
1936 [1930; 1st published The Fleuron] First Principles of Typography. Cambridge: The University Press. New York: The Macmillan Company.

Morison, Stanley
1962 On Type Designs Past & Present: A Brief Introduction (New Edition). Earnest Benn Limited: Bouverie House, Fleet Street London EC4. (First Published by The Fleuron 1926).

Morison, Stanley
1963 The Typographic Book 1450-1935 A study of Fine Typography through Five Centuries exhibited in upwards of Three Hundred and Fifty Title and Text Pages drawn from Presses working in the European Tradition.

Ong, W,
1982 Orality and literacy : The technologizing of the word. London & New York: Routledge.

Pink, S.
2006 The future of visual anthropology: engaging the senses. Oxford: Routledge.

Phaffenberger, B.
1992. Social anthropology of technology. Annual Review of Anthropology 21. pp 491-516.

Rabinow, Paul; Marcus, George
2008 Designs for An Anthropology of the Contemporary. Duke University Press: Durham, London.

Riles, Annelise
2000 The Network Inside Out. University of Michigan Press: Ann Arbor.

Russel, Catherine
1999 Experimental Ethnography. Ch1: Introduction: Another Look. Duke University Press: Durham and London. Pp 7-25.

Scheper-Hughes, Nancy
2009 Making Anthropology Public. Guest Editorial. Anthropology Today. Vol. 25: No. 4. pp. 1-3.

Sontag, Susan
1962 (1994) On Style In Against Interpretation: and other essays. Penguin: London.

Starn, Orin
2012 Writing Culture at 25: Special Editor’s Introduction. Cultural Anthropology: 27:3.

Sutherland, John
1988 Publishing History: A Hole at the Centre of Literary Sociology. Pp. 574-589. Critical Inquiry: 14: 3.

Throop, Jason C
2005 Hypocognition, a “Sense of the Uncanny,” and the Anthropology of Ambiguity: Reflections on Robert I. Levy’s Contribution to Theories of Experience in Anthropology. Ethos. Volume 33. Issue 4. December 2005 (Pages 499 – 511)

Tschichold, Jan
1991 [1975 German Edition] The Form of the Book: Essays on the Morality of Good Design.. (Introduction & Ed. Robert Bringhurst). Lund Humphries: London.

Tholenaar, Jan; Jong, Cees
2009 Type: A Visual History of Typefaces and Graphic Styles. Taschen: London.

VanderLans, R.
2006 Default systems design: A discussion with Rob Gaimpietro about guilt & loss in graphic design. In Looking Closer 5: Graphic Design as System. pp. 16-23.

TYPOGRAPHY & BIBLIOGRAPHY

Abbink, Jeanette & Anderson, Emily
2010 3D Typography. Mark Batty Publisher: New York.

Buchanan, Richard.
“Design Research and the New Learning.” Design Issues 17:4 (2001): 3-23.

Danet, Brenda
1997 Books, Letters, Documents: The Changing Aesthetics of Texts in Late Print Culture. Journal of Material Culture (2):5.

Darnton, Robert
1982 What Is the History of Books? Daedalus, Vol. 111, No. 3, Representations and Realities (Summer, 1982), pp. 65-83

Darnton, Robert
2000 An Early Information Society: News and the Media in Eighteenth-Century Paris. The American Historical Review, Vol. 105, No. 1 (Feb., 2000), pp. 1-35

Douglas, James
2005 Pictures and Page Numbers, Image Text Formal Structure in the Visual Book and the Artists Book. Master of Fine Arts Thesis.

Evans, Poppy
2006 Exploring Publication Design. Essential Principles and Techniques for Designing Magazines, Brochures, & Other Print Publications. Thomson Delmar Learning.NY.

Flood, John
1993 Nationalistic Currents in Early German Typography.

Frascara, Jorge.
1997 User-Centered Graphic Design: Mass Communication and Social Change. London: Taylor & Francis Ltd., 1997

Green, Virigina
Artist’s Decisions Based on Intuition, Culture, and Intellect: Typography in the Fine Arts. MFA THESIS.

Gluth, Stuart
1999 Roxane, A Study in Visual Factors Effecting Legibility , Visible Language, 33:3 (1999) p.236

Hitchcock, Lucinda,
2000 Word Space / Book Space / Poetic Space: Experiments in Transformation Visible Language, 34:2 p.162

Janssen, Frans
1995 Layout as a means of identification? Quaerendo 25: 1.

Jamieson, G. Harry
Visual Communication: More Than Meets the Eye. Bristol, UK: Intellect Books, 2007.

Jobling, Paul, and David Crowley.
1996 Graphic Design: Reproduction and Representation Since 1800. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1996.

Kaestle, Carl
1985 The History of Literacy and the History of Readers. Review of Research in Education, Vol. 12 (1985), pp. 11-53.

Kimbell, Lucy
2011 Rethinking Design Thinking: Part 1. Design and Culture. Vol. 3: Issue 3 pp. 285-306.

Lesser, Zachary
CH 5: Typographic Nostalgia: Play-Reading, Popularity, and the Meanings of Black Letter.

Lester, Paul Martin.
2005 Visual Communication: Images with Messages. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing; 4th edition, 2005.

McKenzie, D.F.
1969 Printers of the Mind: Some Notes on Bibliographical Theories and Printing-House Practices.  Studies in Bibliography, Vol. 22 (1969), pp. 1-75.

Shedroff, Nathan
Experience Design 1. Indianapolis: New Riders Publishing, 2001.

Norman, Donald
2003 Emotional Design: Why We Love (or Hate) Everyday Things. New York:Basic Books, 2003.

Norman, Donald
1988 A. The Psychology of Everyday Things. New York: Basic Books, 114 “Affordance, Conventions, and Design.” Interactions (May+June 1999): 38-42.

Pettersson, Rune.
2002 Information Design: An Introduction. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Publishing Company, 2002.

Poggenpohl, Sharon Helmer,
2000 Words in Space: An Introduction, Visible Language, 34:2  p.100

Sayce, RA
1966 Compositional Practices and the Localization of Printed Books 1530-1800. Fifth Series, Vol. XXI, No. 1, March 1966.

Tyler, Ann C.
1992 “Shaping Belief: The Role of Audience in Visual Communication.” Design Issues 9:1 (1992): 21-29.

Vitta, Maurizio; Nelles, Juliette
1985 The Meaning of Design. Design Issues, Vol. 2, No. 2 (Autumn, 1985), pp. 3-8

Waitte, Noel
1997 “Poetry and Language” & Typography . Journal of New Zealand Literature: JNZL, No. 15 (1997), pp. 16-25

Warde, Beatrice.
1956 “The Crystal Goblet or Printing Should Be Invisible.” In The Crystal Goblet: Sixteen Essays on Typography. Cleveland: Cleveland and New York World Publishing Co.

Zwaga, Harm J. G., Theo Boersema, and Henriette C.M.Honhout.
1999 Eds. Visual Information for Everyday Use: Design and Research Perspectives. London: Taylor & Francis Ltd, 1999.

1900 Theordore De Vinne & A.F. Johnson’s  Plain Printing Types (NY) (Morison 1962:8; P.M. Handover Preface)
1917 Bruce Rogers’ Report on the Typography of the Cambridge University Press Prepared in 1917 Syndics
1923-19A.F. Johnson & Stanley Morison in THE FLEURON (7 vols. 1923-1930) Monotype Recorder London
1930 Modern Typography & Layout: McMurtrie
1930 Modern Typography Jay, Leonard Birmingham School of Printing
1937 (Revised Edition) D.B. Updike’s Printing Types (Morison 1962; P.M. Handover Preface)
1934 A.F. Johnson’s Type Design: Their History And Development (Morison 1962:7; P.M. Handover Preface)
1962 Geoggrey Dowding’s An Introduction to the History of Printing (Morison 1962:7; P.M. Handover Preface)
1973 Milton Glasner, Graphic Design. Overlook Press, Woodstock, NY
1995 Trading Words:  Poetry, Typography, Illustrated Books in Modern Literary Economy
1998 Kunz William, Typography Macroand Microaesthetics
1999 McKenzie, Bibliography & Sociology of Texts
2000 Yusaku Seki_Using Lists to Improve Text Access
2002 Type & Typography : Baines Phil
2002 Leeuwen_Kress_Colour as a Semiotic Mode Notes for a Grammar of Colour_Visual Communication
2003 The Mac is not a Typewriter: Robin Williams
2004 Stoicheff, Taylor Future of the Page
2006 Visual Cultures of Science: Rethinking Representational Practices in knowledge Building & ScienceCommunication
2006 Theo Van Leeuwen_Towards a Semiotics of Typography. Information Design Journal & Document Design
2007 Embodiment at the Interface Materialization Practices in Web Design. Research on Language and Social Interaction
2008 Design as Communication Exploring the Validity and Utility of Relating Intention to Interpretation
2008 Rhetoric in Logotypes, Maria Gonzalez de Cosio, Universidad de Las Americas, Visible Language 32.3
2009 Semiotics of Typography_Orbis LItterarum 64_2_141_160
2009 CarvalhoDongMaton_Legitimating Design A Sociology of Knowledge Account of the Field
2011 Into Print: Limits & Legacies of the Enlightenment

-On line and on paper: visual representations, visual culture, and computer graphics in design
-Data Presentation & Visual Literacy in Medicine & Science
-The Business of Enlightenment A Publishing History of the Encylopedia 1775-1800

VISUAL REPRESENTATION & THE CONSTRUCTION OF KNOWLEDGE

Aristotle, The Art of Rhetoric.

Bonsiepe, Gui.
1961 “Persuasive Communication: Toward a Visual Rhetoric.” Uppercase 5 (1961): 19-34_. “Visual/Verbal Rhetoric.” Ulm 14/15/16, (1965): 23-38.

Burri, Regula Valerie
2012 Visual Rationalities: Towards a Sociology of Images. Current Sociology. 60: 45.

Capurro, Rafael.
2003 “The Concept of Information.” In Annual Review of Information Science and Technology Vol. 37 (2003): 343-411.

Comi, Eppler
Visual Representations as Carriers and Symbols of Organizational Knowledge.

Dretske, Fred I
Dretske, Fred I. Knowledge and the Flow of Information. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1981.

Dupré, Sven
2010 Review: Art History, History of Science, and Visual Experience. The Human Animal in Western Art and Science Leonardo Leonardo da Vinci: Experience, Experiment, and Design Seen | Unseen: Art, Science, and Intuition from Leonardo to the Hubble Space Telescope by Martin Kemp; Martin Kemp; Isis, Vol. 101, No. 3 (September 2010), pp. 618-622.

Ewenstein, Boris and Whyte, Jennifer
2009 “Knowledge practices in design: The role of visual representations as ‘epistemic objects’.” Organization Studies 30(1): 7-30.

Lockwood, Arthur.
1969 Diagrams: A Visual Survey of Graphs, Maps, Charts and Diagrams for the Graphic Designer. New York: Watson-Guptill.

Kemp, Martin
2010 Style and Non Style in Anatomical Illustration From Ren Humanism to Henry Gray. Journal of Anatomy. 216: pp 192-208.

Kristeller, Paul Oskar
1983 “Rhetoric in Medieval and Renaissance Culture.” In Renaissance Eloquence, edited by James J. Murphy. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Poole, Deborah
2005 An Excess of Description: Ethnography, Race, and Visual Technologies. Annual Review of Anthropology. Pp. 34: 159-179.

Maton, Karl
2010 Chapter 2: Analysing Knowledge Claims and Practices: Languages of Legitimation In Social Realism, Knowledge and the Sociology of Education Coalitions of the Mind.

McCoy, Katherine.
2000 “Information and Persuasion: Rivals or Partners?” Design Issues 16:3 (2000): 80-83.

Stafford, Barabara Maria
1994 Artful Science: Enlightenment, Entertainment and the Eclipse of Visual Education. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1994.

Stafford, Barabara Maria
2007 Echo Objects: The Cognitive Work of Images. Chicago, IL, University of Chicago Press, 2007.

Stafford, Barabara Maria
2005 “The Remaining 10%: The Role of Sensory Knowledge in the Age of the Self-Organizing Brain,” in Visual Literacy, ed. by James Elkins (New York: Routledge, 2005).

Styhre, Alexander
2010 Knowledge work and practices of seeing: Epistemologies of the eye, gaze, and professional vision, Culture and Organization, 16:4, 361-376.

1976 Geertz Art As a Cultural System
1999 Goodwin_Action and Embodiment Within Situated Human Interaction _Applied Linguistics
2006 Ruby Jay_The Last 20 Years of Visual Anthropology_A Critical Review
2007 Grasseni_Skilled Vision An Apprenticeship in Breeding Aesthetics_Social Anthropology
2007 Pink_Walking With Video
2007 Sherwin, Feigenson, Spiesel_Visual Anthropology _Published in Cooperation with the Commission on Visual Anthropology
2012 Burri_Visual Rationalities_Towards a Sociology of Images

ACADEMIA & PUBLISHING

Bauerle, Ellen
2009 Women as Authors: Get Aggressive The Chronicle of Higher Education. The Chronicle Review; Pg. 24.

Godin, B; Gingras, Y
2000 The place of Universities in the System of Knowledge Production. Research Policy 29: 273-278. Observatoire des Sciences et des Technologies.

Tobie Meyer-Fong
2007 The Printed World: Books, Publishing Culture, and Society in Late Imperial China. The Journal of Asian Studies Vol. 66, No. 3 (August) 2007: 787-817.

Smith, John W.T.
1999 The Deconstructed Journal – A New Model for Academic Publishing. In Learned Publishing Vol 12: No. 2. pp. 79-91.

Canagarajah, Suresh
1996 “Nondiscursive” Requirements in Academic Publishing, Material Resources of Periphery Scholars, and the Politics of Knowledge Production.  13: 435-472.Written communication.

Wright, Patricia
1984 Investigating Referees’ Requirements in an Electronic Medium , Visible Language, 18:2 (1984:Spring) p.186

1988 Cetina, The Fixation of Visual Evidence
1995 Hanhardt_Film Image Electronic Image_The Construction of Abstraction 1960_1990
2000 Brit J_The Spoken Image Clive Scott_Aesthetics 2002 Pelizzon 93_5
2004 Secord James, Knowledge in Transit
2009 OS Ewenstein_Whyte_Knowledge Practices in Design Submitted
2010 Maton, Karl_Ch 2 Analysing Knowledge Claims and Practices Languages of Legitimation

SENSORY / VISUAL / MATERIAL ANTHROPOLOGY

Appadurai, A.
1990. Disjuncture and difference in the global cultural economy. Theory, Culture and Society 7: 295-310.

Banks, Marcus
2001 Visual Methods in Social Research. Sage Publications.

Banks, Marcus
1992 ‘Which films are the ethnographic films?’. In Film as ethnography (ed.) P. Crawford, & D. Turton. Manchester University Press in association with the Granada Centre for Visual Anthropology

Barthes, Roland
1982 Camera Lucida, Reflection on Photography. Hill and Wang press.

Barthes, Roland
1988 The World as Object,’ Calligram: Essays in New Art History from France, edited by Norman Bryson (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press) p. 53-62.

Bejamin, Walter
1968 The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction. In Illuminations. Pp. 217-253. Schocken Books: New York.

Berger, John
1972 Ways of Seeing. Penguin.

Berger, John
1980 ‘The Uses of Photography’ in About Photography.

Berger, John
2002 The Ambiguity of the Photograph. In The Anthropology of Media: A Reader. Askew, Kelly and Wilk, Richard eds. Pp. 47-55.  Blackwell Publishing Ma, U.S.A.

Bergson, Hernri
1912 Matter and Memory: Ch 1 Of the Selection of Images for Conscious Presentation. What our body means an does…. Pp. 1-85. Cosimo Classics: New York.

Buckley, L.
2000-1. Self and Accessory in the Gambian Studio Photography. In Visual anthropology Review 16: 71-92.

Classen, Constance
1997 Foundations for an Anthropology of the Senses. International Social Science Journal. Volume 49: Issue 153. Pp 401-412.

Classen, Constance
1998 Ch. 4: The Witch’s Senses: Sensory Ideologies and Transgressive Femininities from the Renaissance to Modernity. In Empire of the Senses: The Sensual Culture Reader (ed.) Howes, David. 2005 Berg: New York. Pp. 70-84.

Clifford, James
1985 Objects and Selves- An Afterword. In Objects and Others: Essays on Museums and Material Culture. History of Anthropology Volume 3. Ed. Stocking, George W. Pp 236-243. University of Wisconsin Press: Wisconsin.

Clifford, James
1986.Introduction: partial truths. In J. Clifford and G. Marcus (eds.) Writing Culture. University of California Press.

Corbin, Alain
1995 Ch 7: Charting the Cultural History of the Senses. In Empire of the Senses: The Sensual Culture Reader (ed.) Howes, David. 2005 Berg: New York. Pp, 128-142.

Collier, John, and Macolm Collier
1986 Visual Anthropology: photography as a research method. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press.

Crary, Jonathan
1994 Unbinding Vision.  MIT Press: Vol. 68: pp 21-44.

Crary, Johnathan
1996 ‘Subjective Vision and the Separation of the Senses’,‘Techniques of the Observer,’ ‘Modernity and the Problem of the Observer.’ In Techniques of the Observer: On Vision and Modernity in the Nineteenth Century (Cambridge MA: MIT Press) p. 67-96; 97-136. Pp 1-24.

Csordas, T
1999 The Body’s Career in Anthropology. In Anthropological Theory Today (eds.) H. Moore & T. Sanders, 172-205. Cambridge: Polity.\

Debord, Guy
1983 The Society of Spectacle. Ken Knabb (Translator).

Desjarlais, R. & Throop, C.J.
2011 Phenomenological Approaches in Anthropology. Annual Review of Anthropology. 40: 87-102.

Dilworth, Leah
1996 Imagining Indians in the Southwest: persistent visions of a primitive past. Smithsonian Institution Press: Washington and London

Edwards, Elizabeth
1994 Anthropology and Photography. Elizabeth Edwards, ed. New Haven and London: Yale University Press.

Edwards, E and Hart, J.
2005. Mixed Box: the Cultural biography of a box of ‘ethnographic’ photographs. In Edwards and Hart (eds.). Photographs Object Histories. London: Routledge

Faris, James
2003 Navajo and Photography: A critical History of the Representation of an American People. The University of Utah Press: Salt Lake City.

Farnell, B.
2011 Theorizing ‘The Body’ in Visual Culture. In: Banks & Ruby eds. Made To be seen: Perspectives on the history of visual anthropology. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. pp. 136-158.

Feld, Steven
1996 Ch 10: Places Sensed, Senses Placed: Toward a Sensuous Epistemology of Environments. In Empire of the Senses: The Sensual Culture Reader (ed.) Howes, David. 2005 Berg: New York. Pp. 179-181.

Feld, Steven and Brenneis, Donald
2004 Doing anthropology in sound. American Ethnologist. Volume 31 Number 4. Pp461-473.

Farnell, Brenda
2011 “Theorizing ‘The Body’ in Visual Culture.” Made To Be Seen: Perspectives on the History of Visual Anthropology. Ed. Marcus Banks and Jay Ruby. University of Chicago Press, 2011. 136-158.

Farnell, Brenda, and Charles Varela
2008 “The Second Somatic Revolution.” Journal for the Theory of Social Behavior 38.3 (2008): 215-240.

Goody, Jack
1977 Evolution & Communication In The Domestication of the Savage Mind. Pp1-22. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.

Griffiths, Alison
2002 Wondrous Difference. Part I: Pre-cinema and Ethnographic Representation. Pp. 1-86. Columbia University Press: N.Y.

Grimshaw, Anna  & Ravetz, Amanda
2005 Visualizing anthropology. Bristol : Intellect 2005 vi, 167 p : ill ; 24 cm. Book

Gross, Larry
1988 The Ethics of (Mis)Representation. In Image Ethics. Gross, Katz, Ruby, ed. Pp. 188-203. New York: Oxford University Press.

Gross, Larry, and John Stuart, and Jay Ruby
1988 Introduction: A Moral Pause. In Image Ethics. Gross, Katz, Ruby, ed. Pp. 1-34. New York: Oxford University Press.

 Hastrup, K.
1992. Anthropological Visions: some notes on visual and textual authority. In P. Crawford D. Turton (eds.). Film as Ethnography    pp. 8 -25

Helliwell, C.
1996. “Space and sociality in a Dayak Longhouse”. In M. Jackson (ed.) Things as they are: New directions in Phenomenological Anthropology, pp 128-48. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Hetherington,K.
2003. Spatial Textures: place, touch, and praesentia. Environment and Planning A35: 1933-44.

Hertzfeld, Michael
2001 Senses” Anthropology: Theoretical Practice in Culture & Society. Massachusetts: Blackwell Publishers Inc.

Hillman (David A.); Carla Mazzio
1997 Hillman CH: Visceral Knowledge In The body in parts : fantasies of corporeality in early modern Europe. New York ; London : Routledge

Howes, D.
2005. Introduction. In D. Howes (ed.). Empire of the Senses: The sensual culture reader.  Oxford: Berg Publishers.

Ingold, T. 2000.
Stop, look, Listen! Vision, Hearing and Human Movement. The Perception of the Environment. Oxford: Routledge.

Ingold, Tim
2004. Comments on Christopher Tilley: The Materiality of Stone: Explorations in Landscape Phenomenology. Oxford: Berg, 2004. Source: Norwegian archaeological review [0029-3652] vol:38 iss:2 pg:122-129.

Ingold, Tim
2007 “Earth, sky, wind, and weather.” Journal of the Roayl Anthropological Institute. Pp. 519-538

Ingold, Tim (ed)
2011 In Redrawing Anthropology: Materials, Movements Lines. Ed. Tim Ingold. London: Ashgate Press.

Jenks, Chris
1995 The Centrality of the Eye in Western Culture: An Introduction. In Visual Culture. Pp 1-25. Routledge: London.

Keane, Web
2005 Signs Are Not the Garb of Meaning In  Materiality (ed) Miler, Daniel. Duke University press: Durham NC. Pp. 182-201.

Koytoff, I.
1986. The cultural biography of things. In A. Appadurai (ed.) The Social Life of Things.

Knappett, C
2002. Photographs, Skeuomorphs and Marionettes: some thoughts on Mind, Agency and Objects. Journal of Material Culture 7: 97-117.

Kullman, Michael and Taylor, Charles
1958 The Pre-Objective World. The Review of Metaphysics. Vol 12: No 1. Sept. pp 108-132.

Latour, B.
2000. The Berliner Key or How to Do Words With Things. In Graves-Brown (ed.). Matter, Materiality and Modern Culture.

Lutz, Catherine and Collins, Jane
1993 Reading National Geographic, University of Chicago Press.

MacDougall, David
1975/1995 ‘Beyond observational cinema’. In Principles of visual anthropology (ed.) P. Hockings. Mouton

MacDougall, David
2006 Ch 1: Introduction: Meaning and Being. In The Corporeal Image: film, ethnography, and the senses. Princeton, N.J. ; Oxford : Princeton University Press. Pp 1-9.

Marcus, G.
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Mead, Margaret & Bateson, Gregory
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McLuhan, Marshall
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Merleau-Ponty
1962 Phenomenology of Perception. Routldge Classics: London and New York. Pp. Preface vii-xxiv.

Merleau-Ponty, Maurice
1964 Eye and Mind In The Primacy of Perception (ed) James M. Edie, trans. Carleton Dallery, Evanston: Northwestern University Press.

Miller, D.
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Molyneaux, Bian Leigh
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Mustafa, Hudita.
2002. Portraits of Modernity: Fashioning Selves in Dakarois Popular Photography. In Landau,P. and D.Kaspin (eds.) Images and Empires: Visuality in Colonial and Postcolonial Africa. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Nichols, Bill
2001 Introduction to Documentary. Bloomington & Indianapolis: Indiana University Press.

Pieterse, J
2004. Ch 4 Globalisation as Hybridisation. Globalisation and Culture.

Pink, Sarah
2006 Doing Visual Ethnography. Sage Publishing.

Pink, Sarah
2006. Chapter 1 Engaging the Visual: An Introduction. In The Future of Visual Anthropology.

Pink, Sarah
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Pink, Sarah
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Pink, Sarah
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Pink, Howes and Ingold in Social Anthropology 2010. Vol 18: 3 AND 2011. Vol 19: 2 and 3.

Pinney, Christopher
1990 The Quick and the Dead: Images, Time and Truth. Society For Visual Anthropology Review.  Vol 6: Issue 2. Pp. 42-54.

Pinney, Christopher
2003 “Notes from the Surface of the Image: Photography, Postcolonialism, and Vernacular Modernism” In Photography’s Other Histories. (Ed. Pinney, Peterson) pp. 202-220. Duke University Press: Durham and London.

Porcello, Thomas; Meintjes, Louise; Ochoa, Ana Maria
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Pinney, Christopher
1992 ‘The lexical spaces of eye-spy’ in  P. Crawford and D. Turton (eds.) Film as Ethnography

Pinney, Christopher
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2000 Picturing Culture : Explorations of Film & Anthropology. The University of Chicago Press.

Sacks, Oliver
2003 Ch. 1: The Mind’s Eye: What the Blind See. In Empire of the Senses: The Sensual Culture Reader (ed.) Howes, David. 2005 Berg: New York. Pp. 25-42.

Schneider, Arnd and Wright, Christopher J.
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Stewart, Susan
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Stoller, Paul
1989 Ch 1 : The Taste of Ethnographic Things.  In The taste of ethnographic things : the senses in anthropology.

Stoller, Paul
2009 The Power of the Between: An Anthropological Odyssey. University of Chicago Press.

Sonesson, Goran
1989 Pictorial Concepts. Inquiries into the Semiotic Heritage and Its Relevance for the Analysis of the Visual World. Lund: Lund University Press.

Sontag, Susan
2001 On Photography, Picador Press.

Tilley, Christopher
1994 Chapter 1: “Space, Place, Landscape and Perception: Phenomenological Perspectives” In A phenomenology of landscape : places, paths and monuments. Oxford : Berg. pp. 7-33.

Tilley, C. 1999
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Throop, Jason C.
2005 Hypocognition, a “Sense of the Uncanny,” and the Anthropology of Ambiguity: Reflections on Robert I. Levy’s Contribution to Theories of Experience in Anthropology. Ethos. Volume 33. Issue 4. December 2005 (Pages 499 - 511)

Varela, Charles
1994. Harré and Merleau-Ponty: Beyond the Absent Moving Body in Embodied Social Theory. Journal for the Theory of Social Behavior, 24(2): 167–185.

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1994. The Camera People. In Taylor, L (ed.) Visualizing Theory.

Wilk,R.
1995.The local and the global in the political economy of beauty.

Williams, D.
1982 Semasiology: A Semantic Anthropologist’s view of Human Movement and Actions. In D. Parkin (ed.) Semantic Anthropology ASA Vol 22, pp 161-181.

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1975/1995  ‘Observational cinema’. In P. Hockings (ed.) Principles of visual anthropology. Mouton (pp. 65-79).

DESIGN ETHNOGRAPHY

Banks, Marcus
2001 Visual Methods in Social Research. Sage: London. Pp- 87-96.

Buckingham, David
2009 ‘Creative’ visual methods in media research: possibilities, problems and proposals. Media Culture Society 31: 633-652.

 Dicks, Flewitt, Lancaster, Pahl
2011 Multimodality and ethnography: working at the intersection. Qualitative Research. 11: 227-237. Editorial.

Hammersley, Atkinson
1994 Ethnography and participant observation In Handbook of qualitative research. Volume: 1, Issue: 15, Publisher: Sage, Pages: 248-261

Harper, Douglass
1987 The Visual Ethnographic Narrative. Visual Anthropology Vol 1: 1-19.

Henderson, Kathyrn
1998 The Role of Material Objects in the Design Process. A Comparison of Two Design Cultures & How They Contend with Automation. Science, Technology, & Human Values. Vol. 23: No. 2. Pp. 139-174.

Houtman, Gustaaf; Zeitlyn, David
1996 Information Technology & Anthropology. Editorial. Anthropology Today. Vol. 12: 3. pp. 1-3.

Ingold, Tim
2008 “Anthropology is Not Ethnography” Radlcliffe-Brown lecture in Social Anthropology. British Academy 154: 69-92.

Jackson, Bruce
1987 Fieldwork. University of Illinois Press.

Lew, Alan
2010 Ch. 2 Defining and redefining conceptual frameworks for social science field research In fieldwork in tourism: methods, issues and reflections (Ed. C. Michael Hall) Pp. 19-34.

Madison, Soyini
2005 Ch 1 & 2 Critical Ethnography: Methods, Ethics, and Performance. Sage: California. Pp. 1-31.

Rosenholtz; Dorai; Freeman
2011 Do Predictions of Visual Perception Aid Design. ACM Transactions on Applied Perception. Vol 8: 2. Pp 12: 1- 12:20.

Scheper-Hughes, Nancy
2009 Making Anthropology Public. Guest Editorial. Anthropology Today. Vol. 25: No. 4. pp. 1-3.

Wasson, Christina
2000 Ethnography in the Field of Design. Human Organization; Winter 2000; 59, 4; ABI/INFORM Global pg. 377-388

Wolcott
1999 Ch 1 & 2 Ethnography: A way of seeing. AltaMira Press: MD. Pp 9-31.

ETHNOGRAPHY + METHOD

Ang, Ien
1990 Culture and Communication: Towards an Ethnographic Critique of Media Consumption in the Transnational Media System. European Journal of Communication 1990 5: 239.

Anderson, R.J.
1994 Representations and Requirements: The Value of Ethnography in System Design. Rank Xerox Research Centre. Pp. 1-38.

Clifford, J. & Marcus, G.,
1986 Writing culture: The poetics and politics of ethnography. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Clifford, James.
1988 Ch. 4 On Ethnographic Surrealism In The Predicament of Culture, 20th Century Ethnography, Literature, and Art. Pp. 117-152. Harvard University Press.

Geschiere, P.
2010. The Self-reflective turn in ethnography: From dialogue to narcissism. Etnofoor 22: 137-146.

Guijarro, Arsenio
2010 Engaging readers through language and pictures. A case study. Journal of Pragmatics 43 (2011) 2982–2991.

Halse, Joachim
2008 Design Anthropology: Borderland Experiments with Participation. Phd Dissertation IT University of Copenhagen . pp 1-219.

Hoeyer, Klaus; Dahlager, L; Lynoe, N
2005 Conflicting Notions of Research Ethics: The Mutually Challenging Traditions of Social Scientists and Medical Researchers. Social Science & Medicine 61 (2005) 1741–1749

Marcus, G.
1990. The Modernist Sensibility in Recent Ethnographic Writing. In Visual Anthropology. Review 6 (1): 2-12.

Pink, Sarah
2001 Ch. 6 Visual Images and Technologies in Ethnographic Representation.Doing Ethnography: Images, Media and Representation in Research.

Sangren, S.
2007. Anthropology of anthropology? Further reflections on reflexivity. Anthropology Today 23.

STS, ANTHROPOLOGY & DESIGN STUDIES

Carvalho, L; Dong, A
2008 Legitimating Design: A Sociology of Knowledge Account of the Field. Design Studies 30: No. 5.

Suri, Jane Fulton
2003 The Experience of Evolution: Developments in Design Practice. The Design Journal Vol. 6: 2. Pp 39048 (10). Berg Publishers.

Gibson, James. J.
1977 “The Theory of Affordances.” In Perceiving, Acting, and Knowing, edited by R. E. Shaw and J. Bransford, 67-82. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1977.

Gooding, David
2009 Visualizing Scientific Inference. Topics in Cognitive Science 2 (2010) 15–35

Goodwin, Charles
2000 Action and Embodiment within Situated Human Interaction. Journal of Pragmatics. 32. Pp. 1489-1522.

Henderson, K

1991 Flexible Sketches and Inflexible Data Bases: Visual Communication, Conscription Devices, andBoundary Objects in Design Engineering. Science, Technology, & Human Values, Vol. 16, No. 4 (Autumn, 1991), pp. 448-473.

Hippala, Tuoma
2012 Reading paths and visual perception in multimodal research, psychology and brain sciences. Journal of Pragmatics 44 (2012) 315–327,

Kaiser, David
2012 The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. Nature Vol. 484. Pp. 164.

Miceli, Lucy
2006 Cultural Values in the Design Practice of International Students. Paper Presented: second Annual Rhizomes: Re-visioning Boundaries Conference of The School of Languages and Comparative Cultural Studies.

Roth, Susan King,
1994 The Unconsidered Ballot: How Design Effects Voting Behavior , Visible Language, 28:1 p.48

Shankar, Kalpana
2007 Order From Chaos: The Poetics & Prgamatics of Scientific Recordkeeping. School of Informatics. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 58: (10): 1457-1466, 2007.

Storkerson, Peter,
1992 Explicit and Implicit Graphs: Changing the Structural Frame, Visible Language, 26:3/4 (1992:Summer/Autumn) p.388

Wattenberg,
2004 Analyzing perceptual organization in information graphics. Information Visualization (2004) 3, 123–133.

Yakura, Elaine
2010 Considering Visual Artifacts in IT Cultures. AMCIS 2010 Proceedings. Paper 487.

ANTHROPOLOGY of TOURISM

Adler, Judith
1989 Origins of Sightseeing. Annals of Tourism Research. Vol 16. Pp 7-29.

Chambers, Erve
2000 Native Tours: The Anthropology of Travel and Tourism, Illinois: Waveland Press, Inc.

Cohen, Erik
1972 Towards a sociology of international tourism. Social Research. 30: 164-182.

Cohen, Erik
1979 A Phenomenology of Tourist Experiences. Sociology. 13: 179-201.

Crang, Mike
1997 Picturing Practices: Research through the tourist gaze. Progress in Human Geography. 21:3 pp. 359-373.

Dann, Graham
1998 Writing out the tourist in Space and Time. Annals of Tourism Research. Vol 26, No. 1. Pp 159-187.

Dann, Graham
2002 The Tourist as a Metaphor of the Social World. In The Tourist as a Metaphor of the Social World. Pp 1-17. Ed. Graham M.S. Dann. CAMI Publishing: United Kingdom.

Gordon, Beverly
1986 The Souvenir: Messenger of the Extraordinary. Journal of Popular Culture. Vol. 20: 3. Pp. 135-146.

Hoelscher, Steven
1998 Photographic Construction of Touristic Space in Victorian America.  Geographical Review Vol. 88 No. 4 J.B. Jackon and Geography. Pp 548-570.

MacCannel, Dean
1976 The Tourist: A New Theory of the Leisure Class. University of California Press: Berkeley, Ca.

MacCannell, Dean
1973 Staged Authenticity: Arrangements of Social Space in Tourist Settings. The American Journal of Sociology. Vol. 79: No. 3 pp. 589-603.

Smith, Valene
1997 Introduction In Hosts and Guests: An Anthropology of Tourism. Ed. Valene Smith.  Pp. 1-14. University of Pennsylvania Press: Pa.

Stakelon, Pauline
2010 Travel Through the Stereoscope. Media History, 16:4. Pp. 407-422.

Stewart, Susan
1993 On Longing: Narratives of the Miniature, the Gigantic, the Souvenir, the Collection. Duke University Press: Durham and London.

Swarbrooke, John and Horner, Susan
2007 Consumer Behavior in Tourism: Second Edition. Parts 1-3, Pp. 1-100. Butterworth-Heinemann: Oxford.

Urry, John
2002 The Tourist Gaze. Sage Publications: London.

Urry, John and Crawshaw, Carol
1997 Tourism and the Photographic Eye. In Touring Cultures: Transformations of travel and theory. Ed. Rojek, Chris and Urry, John. Pp. 176-195.

Van Egmand, Ton
2007 Understanding Western Tourists in Developing Countries. NHTV Breda University of Applied Sciences, The Netherlands.