Institute for Social & Cultural Anthropology
Interviews: Paul Nash, Oxford Bibliography Room & Richard Lawrence, 20th century OUP Oxford University Printer
Archival Research: Bodleian & Pitt Rivers Museum, University of Oxford
Conducted in conjunction with MSc. dissertation research

Researching the relationship between culture and technological limitations  / developments in creating design language. For example, from this researched emerged the insight that the ‘stereotype’ is actually a piece of printing technology used to make it easy to replicate images or blocks of layout. Paul Nash of the Oxford Bibliography room, home to the Universities’ remaining printing presses, explained a “stereotype” would be made if there were, for example, reoccurring needs to represent a King, thus develops the stereotype of what a King, or ruler, looks like.

Oxford Bibliography Room with Paul Nash. Hasselblad 503 cx 120

Richard Lawrence, former Oxford University Press. Hasselblad 503 cx 120 Film

Lawson, Alexander. Printer’s Manuals: From Moxon to the PIA. The Printery: Kirkwood.

United States Government Printing Office Style Board 1959 Style Manual. Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington D.C.

1936 Otto Neurath Isotopes
Neurath, Otto 1936 International Picture Language: The First Rules of Isotype. Psyche Miniatures General Series No. 83. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner & Co.. Ltd. Broadway House, Carter Lane.

ISOTYPE International System of Typographic Picture Education (Neurath 1936: 7) Picture Language & International Value

“Turning the statements of science into pictures is frequently a delicate business, and it is not the work of a man of science or of a designer. Special attention to this process has given birth to the ISOTYPE system. Its rules are the instruments for putting together the work of design.” (Neurath 1936: 8)

Otto Neurath, International Foundation for the Promotion of Visual Education, 267 Obrechtstraat, The Hague, Holland

Oldfield, Arthur Practical Manual of Printing Wymanns Technical Series

“A Practical Manual of Typography, and Reference Book for Printers. Specially prepared as a text book for technical classes in typography. A list of technical questions calculated to draw out the information of the student is appended.”The Printer’s Library, Wyman’s Technical Series: E. Mencken, Technical Publisher, 65 & 66, Chancery Lane, London.

Arthur Oldfield, Registered Teacher in Typography for the City and Guild of London Institute, and Teacher of Typography at the Birmingham and Midland Institute.

Caslon, H.W. Caslon & Co.
1922 Specimens of Types & Borders and Illustrated Catalogue of Printer’s Joinery & Materials. H.W. Caslon and Company. Published: H.W. Caslon & Co. Ltd. 82 & 83 Chiswell Street, London E.C.1 And at Manchester, Glasgow, and Dublin.

Caslon, William
1924 Caslon Old Face Roman & Italic: Cast Entirely From Matricies Produced From the Original Punches Engraved in the Early Part of the Eighteenth Century in Chiswell Street London. H.W. Caslon & Co. LTD: London.

Horace, Hart 1900 Notes on a Century of Typography at the University Press, Oxford 1693-1794. Printed at the University Press: Oxford.